About Artist: Sonia Delaunay Russian artist Also known as Sofia Ilinitchna Terk Born November 14, 1885 Gradizhsk, Ukraine Died December 5, 1979 Paris, France Read More: Marc ChagallHans Holbein the YoungerLeon BakstWalter CraneRaoul DufyErteOlga Vladimirovna RozanovaJulius Schnorr von Carolsfeld Sonia Delaunay, original name Sofia Ilinitchna Terk (born November 14, 1885, Gradizhsk, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Ukraine]—died December 5, 1979, Paris, France), Russian painter, illustrator, and textile designer who was a pioneer of abstract art in the years before World War I. Delaunay grew up in St. Petersburg. She studied drawing in Karlsruhe, Germany, and in 1905 moved to Paris, where she was influenced by the Post-Impressionists and the Fauvists. She married the artist Robert Delaunay in 1910, by which time she was painting in the style known as Orphism, which involved the harmonious juxtaposition of areas of pure colour. She extended Orphist principles to the design of fabrics, pottery decoration, stage sets, and other applied arts. Among her most important works were her Orphist illustrations for a poem by Blaise Cendrars entitled La Prose du Transsibérien et de la petite Jehanne de France (1913; “The Prose of the Trans-Siberian and of Little Jehanne of France”); the resulting volume was a landmark in modern book production.
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